Malla-era manuscripts found

Kathmandu, Oct. 27: Manuscripts of Jayasthithi Malla, Jyotir Malla and Yogmati Bhattarika have been recovered from the pillar of the Kasthamandap Temple, which was destroyed by the devastating earthquake last year.

In the manuscripts dated Nepal Sambat 499, 454 and 543, it is written that the person responsible for operating the Pachali Bhairav Jatra has to organise the festival following the rules and regulations and should not divert from his work.

Manuscript specialist Shyam Sundar Rajbansi, archeologists Mukunda Aryal and Sukra Sagar Shrestha translated the manuscripts into Nepali and English languages. The recovered manuscripts were scripted in Nepalbhasa.

In the manuscripts dated 499 Nepal Sambat, it is written that the document of Pachali Bhairav Jatra was written on the day of Harisan Jatra. 

Archeologist Shrestha said that in the Nepal Sambat 454 manuscript, it is mentioned that if the Pachali Bhairav Jatra is not carried out by a responsible person, he will have to face the sin of murdering a Brahman, women and children.

In the 543 Nepal Sambat manuscripts, it is written that the jatras/processions being carried out by Saptakutumba of Patan and Jyotir Malla of Kathmandu should not be stopped at any cost, and they should be operated upholding the existing traditions. 

Hanumandhoka Durbar Preservation Office informed that the study of the recovered manuscripts had made it easier to gather more information about the hidden facts of the  Kasthamandap Temple.

Earlier, a team of international and national experts from the Department of Archaeology, Government of Nepal and Durham University had unearthed golden coins having an image of an ox on them and engraved with the word, Pashupati.

The coins were discovered during the post-excavation surveys and rescue excavations at Kasthamandap of Basantapur.  

During the excavation, a square shaped golden sheet of the Mandala picture was also discovered below the three wooden pillars of the Kasthamandap.

Senior archeologist Kosh Prasad Acharya, who was involved in the team led by experts from Durham University, informed that the terracotta jewelry would reveal other facts.

But, the newly discovered objects would give indications that the Kasthamandap was built probably around the 7th century during the Lichhavi era. Before this it was assumed that the construction of the Kasthamandap took place around the 12th century. 

 

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