All Eyes On CPC Conclave


Narayan Upadhyay


Our northern neighbour is all set to organise the 19th National Congress of Chinese Communist Party (CPC) today. Held every five years, the CPC congress has captured the attention of the world because the congress of the powerful body will set the new blue prints for the political and socio economic courses for the world’s second largest economy and a military power.

Most importantly, the current CPC conclave will extend the term for President Xi Jinping and pick up the seven-member political bureau which is regarded as the most powerful body that runs the country’s affairs.

The five-day CPC congress to be held in the historical Great Hall of the People in Beijing will be attended by about 2, 287 elected delegates from across the country, most of whom are the followers and supporters of President Xi. Analysts say that President’s Xi would get next five-year term in office without any hassle as many of the attending members would throw their weight behind him.

As President Xi is also the general secretary of the CPC and the chairman of the Central Military, the endorsement to the president’s next term in office means he would continue to enjoy all three powerful positions for the next five years. The backing from the CPC members also highlights the fact that the programmes and policies President Xi adopted and implemented after he assumed office following the 18th National Congress in 2012 have gained popularity among the party members and in the nation as well as outside of China, which have helped him gain more clout and popularity.

he important aspect of the Xi’s five-year term is that his administration has dealt with iron fist against corruption and he had led the nation towards prosperity and progress with a steady economic growth. As soon as he came to power, he cracked the whip against corrupt officers and party members at the central, provincial to the lower level. Also, the government imposed measures to curb the influence emanating from the outside world on the Chinese society. Sinicisation of Marxism with Chinese characters and various reform measures to tackle the present situations were also put in place.

The most remarkable achievement of the Xi’s tenure is the country has made strong progress in economic area maintaining a 6.8 per cent economic growth which gave China a pride of place in the world, being a second largest economy in the world. The Chinese growth also helped the government and the party to pull millions of urban and rural poor out of poverty across the country during the current president’s first tenure.

Commentators say that with the economic rise of China, many nations across the globe have drifted towards China. The Chinese presence across the globe is quite noticeable as Chinese workers, engineers, investors, technicians, businessmen, industrialists along with many others are seen engaged in their respective works almost everywhere in the world.

As the Chinese presence across the world has grown by leaps and bound, the Chinese Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) is expected to take the Chinese presence across many countries further. The brainchild of President Xi, the BRI, also known as One Belt, One Road programme, will help connect many nations through railways, highways, maritime routes and others. Also, under this initiative, the Chinese would be investing billions of dollars in constructing not only railyways and roads but would be building power grids and other development infrastructure across the world in the nation’s initiative to develop the regions of Asia and Europe and other parts.

President Xi should be applauded for initiating such a grand project which aims at boosting the economy of the regions and help connect many nations together which would facilitate trade and other exchanges among many nations of the regions. Also, the BRI will provide a chance to China to spread its wings across the world through its workers, engineers, technology, businessmen, industrialists and many others.

Talking about the Chinese government’s policy towards Nepal, the policy is aimed at non-interference in the affairs of the tiny neighbour, though China’s presence in the country has been growing lately, giving heart burns to the southern neighbour. The northern economic giant’s willingness to help Nepal in its development endeavours is often finds expression from the Chinese envoys serving in Nepal. The current Chinese ambassador to Nepal, Yu Hong, often states that the Chinese would like to extending all kinds of supports to Nepal depending on the capability of her country. Under its BRI, the Chinese government says that it is willing to invest in infrastructure and hydro-power building projects of Nepal. However, owning to Nepal’s internal reasons, the nation has not yet been able to accept several of the Chinese proposals for investment in the Nepali projects.

In the meantime, China under president Xi is involved in creating opportunities for the nations of different regions, thanks to the ever swelling economy and prosperity of the nation.  Because of the growing might of the president Xi within his nation and his powerful party, commentators often state that the Chinese people may place President Xi at par with other two most prominent leaders of the nation, Chairman Mao and great reformer Deng Xiaoping.

Chairman Mao had founded CPC which led the establishment of the People’s Republic of China in 1949 while Deng Xiaoping introduced economic reforms in 1978 and the 80s that later transformed China into an economic giant. The important status of the two prominent leaders has been enshrined in the Chinese constitution. And, the commentators on current Chinese affairs often say that no one would be surprised if President Xi would get the same honour.

In the meantime, many westerners including the China analysts would be watching the 19th National Congress of the CPC for any sign or hints about the national congress providing a platform for the incumbent president to extend his tenure in the office beyond the usual second term.

Generally, the Chinese president often gets two terms in office following the amendment in the constitution in the 80s that paved the way for the collective leadership in China. To gain the third term in office, however, there must be some amendments in the constitution on the retiring age of the leaders and others provisions. But given the clout and popularity of President Xi, no one be surprised to see if his supporters and loyalists in the powerful wings of the party and the government work their ways to change the existing provisions to that direction. The national congress of the CPC is the most powerful institution in China which can bring or introduce epochal alterations.



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