Irreversible Left Unification
Dr. Narad Bharadwaj
With the decision of the Joint Unity Coordination Committee, formed to facilitate the organisational unity of CPN-UML and the CPN-MC, to recommend 22 April as the possible date for the announcement of the unification, the dying embers of hope of left unity have lit up again. This is a proof of a strong public opinion shaping up the thought process of political leaders who often dither to take decisions, giving priority to their personal and group interest over the larger interest of the nation.
April 22 has a historic significance in the international communist movement. It is the birth date of V.I. Lenin, who is credited with developing the philosophy of Marxism to make it compatible with the era when capitalism had attained maturity, was converting itself to imperialism, was creating conditions for an intense rivalry among imperialist powers and was intensifying class struggles. The communists around the world consider this day as an auspicious day for initiating great endeavours that have the capacity to influence the course of history. The reiteration of the message of unification from the top leaders of both the parties to be announced on that date has reassured the left-leaning masses who were growing jittery about the persistent rumours of divergence of views within the two left parties on matters of leadership accommodation.
Earlier this week, there were news reports that the CPN-Maoist Centre would not be ready to the idea of merger if fifty per cent of the Maoist party cadres were not accommodated in the new committees to be formed after unification from central to the local levels. Despite this, the unification process of largest two left parties, which have created a positive psychological ambience in the society by successfully leading millions of masses to the goal of social revolution, cannot take place in total indifference to the aspiration of the supportive masses. At present, the mass sentiment for left unity has exerted a powerful pressure on the leadership of both the parties to unswervingly move towards unification.
As one of the senior left leaders Narayan Kaji Shreshta recently said, in an interview, the two left parties had taken the decision to form electoral alliance with a goal of reunification in deep realisation of the fact that the left forces would not be able to reap benefit out of the emerging possibilities if they did not decide to merge together. The proposal for the unity had emanated from the clear prospect of leading the country to socialism through a peaceful process of change. The tall goal which has inspired the top leaders of both the parties has held them together till this stage. It can now be predicted that the two parties will not deviate from the course of party unification putting the great achievements they have scored so far in jeopardy.
The people of the whole country are viewing the process of left unification with lot of hope and expectation. They know that the present day disarray we find our country in is because of the domination of imperialism and capitalist exploitation. This was the reason why people gave a sweeping mandate to the left forces in the recently concluded federal, provincial and local elections with the hope that the united left front alone will be capable of driving the country to prosperity by safeguarding sovereignty and national independence.
The two and a half decades of experience with the non-functional multi-party democracy has proved that if the left forces fail to bring the efforts of party unification to fruition, our country will get bogged down in the mire of instability, poverty and underdevelopment. Failure to take unification process to success will facilitate the re-emergence of reactionary forces overthrown by the past revolutionary movements and a conducive environment will be created for external forces to meddle in the internal affairs of our country, pushing it deeper into a quagmire of ethnic, religious and regional conflicts.
Forces which have lost their cool at the expansion of the left political forces are going all out to demonise the left forces. They are portraying the left unification as a vile pact for leading the country to the path of authoritarianism. At present, there is no dearth of analysts who tend to project the proposed left unity as an attempt to push Nepal away from Indian sphere of influence into the embrace of China. This, in fact, is nothing but a deliberate attempt to create panic by vitiating political situation in Nepal so that this country can never extricate itself from the clutches of power brokers both external and internal.
In fact, the initiative for the unification of the two largest parties of the left movement has come as an unprecedented opportunity for accomplishing a peaceful transformation to socialism through the exercise of people’s multiparty democracy. If the unification takes place, which is a precondition to providing stability to the elected left government, it will present the world with a new model of social transition within the framework of Marxist philosophy.
At present some murmuring voices of discontent are coming from the rank and file of both the parties but the majority of the party members from both the camps are for unification. This is why the unification has become an irrepressible trend in the left political circles today. However, the genuine concerns that exist on both sides about the prospective role to leaders of the parties at all levels should be addressed in order to get the widest buy-in among the left forces.
Nepal’s communist movement is being watched by the entire world as a unique case of left resurgence while the international communist movement as a whole is going through a period of stagnation. If the unification process is accomplished without it hitting a major snag, it will present an example for left movements of other countries also.
The left coalition has got a mandate to do whatever is required to introduce policies and legal principles to unleash all the development potentials of the country. Within the present political equation, there are no circumscribing factors within the left government except power lust and ambitious instincts of the individual left leaders within the ruling coalition. Let us hope that the left leaders will resist temptation of power and show determination to walk down the path of sacrifice to free the Nepali motherland from the trammels of backwardness and poverty.