Fighting Human Trafficking
Nepal has been suffering from the scourge of human trafficking for decades. Thousands of young man and women are trafficked to alien places in foreign countries. They are sold for flesh trade and slavery. What is the more painful fact is that a large number of girls and women are sold to the Indian brothels annually despite the adoption of all necessary measures to punish the traffickers, brokers and pimps. One wonders how the cons and swindlers lure and force the innocent girls into prostitution. The people’s awareness has grown stratospherically in recent years. The literacy rate and level of education has also increased significantly. The information technology has facilitated the people to spread and share information with each other at warp speed. Still the cases of human trafficking have gone up to the bewilderment of social workers, anti-human trafficking agencies and the administration. According to a news report, published in this daily, the cases of human trafficking increased dramatically in the last five years, with majority of victims being girls and women. The report cites the findings of National Human Rights Commission’s annual document ‘Trafficking in Persons in Nepal 2018’ published the other day. It stated that number of human trafficking cases has gone up from 185 in the fiscal year 2013/14 to 305 in the fiscal year 2017/2018. It has pointed that the girls trafficked for sexual exploitation has soared alarmingly. The reports present other grim scenarios, too. Out of the total victims of human trafficking in 2017/18, 78 per cent were female and the rest were male. Around one-fourth of trafficking survivors were children and the remaining were adults.
In yet another investigation, it is has been found that more than1,750 children are reported missing yearly, with majority of victims being girls. The number of Nepali girls is traded to India substantially as there is a huge profit margin, informs NHRC officials. Nepali men, women and girls are subject to forced labour, prostitution and human organ trafficking. Nepali women and girls especially from low economic background are vulnerable due to lack of awareness, little education and scanty job opportunities. Brokers also take the Nepali women as the domestic workers in Gulf countries where they endure untold physical, mental and sexual exploitation. It was apparently egregious to send Nepali women to the Middle East as most of them don’t know the terms and condition of their jobs. They mostly face the brutal treatment by the landlords and their family members. Selling own sisters and daughters into the houses of prostitution is a blot on society because it is the worst form of commodification of human beings. This gives an impression that human beings are essentially evil and do anything to meet their pecuniary interest. But this is only a semi-truth. There are good people committed to fighting this heinous practice. Because of their works, many victims have been rescued from the hellhole or from the way to be sold. No doubt, there should be stringent legal action against the culprit. Now it becomes clear that the government alone can’t check the human trafficking. All stakeholders should ramp up their efforts to end human trafficking.