Report: Nominal women representation in leadership position

By Manjima Dhakal

Kathmandu, Mar. 22:  The country has only two female secretaries at the government ministries although 23 per cent of civil servants in the nation are women.
The country has only one female bank CEO although the females form 30 per cent of human resources in the banking sector. Of the 44 per cent of female employees working in various companies, four per cent are enjoying the leadership role in their respective companies.
A study conducted by Facts Nepal revealed that the women’s participation in different sectors can be referred in total sum these days. However, the woman folk taking up leadership position is a rarity.
According to the report, although 51 per cent students are female across the country, the women’s share is only nine per cent in Nepal Police, 7.5 per cent in the Armed Police Force and five per cent in the Nepali Army. Likewise, seven per cent of the traffic policemen in Nepal are women.
The report, entitled, ‘Women in Business’ published by Facts Nepal, 33.53 per cent women are in the parliament both in the federal and state parliaments. The provision of reservation made the women’s appreciable presence in the parliament possible. But their representation in the parliaments has largely remained less meaningful because most of them are poorly literate.
According to the report, out of 300 female members of the federal parliament and state assmeblies, 45 members are only literate, 55 members have passed the School Leaving Certificate (SLC), 61 passed plus-two levels, 69 are college graduates, 50 are post graduates and five have completed their PhD.
Likewise, 36 per cent of the total medical doctors in the country are females. The number of female doctors is 8, 626 across the country.
In the global context, only 4.8 per cent of CEOs in the strong and less strong 500 companies are females despite making up of 44.7 of total employees. The number of female CEOs further decreased in 2018. Earlier in 2017, 6.8 per cent CEOs were females.
Despite the nominal representation in the leadership position, females’ contribution to economy is high. The report showed female workforce has been added every year, helping aiding about $28 trillion to global GDP.
According to the report, 2.7 billion women are still legally barred from having the same choice of jobs as men.
Laxmi Pokharel, a female lawyer, said that the Nepali society had an assumption that women could not undertake their leadership responsibility successfully.
She added that the society still wanted the women should follow their tradition role. “Therefore, it is still difficult to come out from the entrenched traditional thinking. But there is a huge representation of women at local level, which helps us to become optimist about women’s participation in decision making,” she added.
In Nepal, 70 per cent of total women’s population is running their own business while only 11.7 per cent firms have a majority of female ownership. Likewise, 75 per cent women have enjoyed jobs whereas only 18.2 per cent females are full time workers. 

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