Vehicles not meeting emission standard contribute 31 per cent of air pollution in Ktm Valley
Kathmandu, July 26: Vehicles operated without meeting emission test contribute to 31 per cent of air pollution in the Kathmandu Valley.
This information was shared at a programme organised to release a study report related to environment pollution and human rights and an interaction on Environment Bill-2075 organised by National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) at Lalitpur today.
Releasing the report, acting chair of the Commission, Prakash Osti said that although the government has formulated legal provisions and criteria to reduce pollution caused by vehicles and implemented it, the environmental pollution has been found increasing.
The Commission had carried out a study about the condition of environmental pollution and human rights in 15 districts including Kathmandu Valley, Nuwakot, Rupandehi, Dang, Banke, Kailali, Bardiya, Kanchanpur, Morang, Sunsari, Ilam and Dhanusha.
The report reads that the standards set by National Standard on Air Quality -2069 BS and Nepal Vehicle Mass Emission Standard-2069 BS have been found violated.
Similarly, although the Department of Transport Management has established test centre to check emission of vehicles at three places in Kathmandu Valley to reduce environmental pollution, only one has been found in operation.
There are now around 850,000 motorcycles and 250,000 other vehicles in Kathmandu Valley. Commission Section officer Kiran Kumar Balam said that the report mentioned that vehicles of more than 20 years are the main cause behind environmental pollution.
The report states that the dust produced in course of road expansion, repair and black-topping works, dismantling and installing the electric poles and telephone cables, construction of drains, and laying of water supply pipes being carried out in Kathmandu Valley are the causes of air pollution in the Valley.
NHRC member Sudip Pathak said that the human right of a person to live in clean environment has been infringed upon due to the negligence by the construction companies and projects and the maximum damage caused to the environment in course of construction of physical infrastructures.
It states that the entry of smoke and dust from Chovar and Thankot after 12 noon was also posing challenge in controlling air pollution.
Similarly, the report states that some 21 glacial lakes are at risk of outburst due to the climate change impact.
It mentions that cement industries – Sonapur Cement, Arghakhanchi Cement and Ghorahi Cement – have also contributed to air pollution.
On the occasion, NHRC Acting Chair Osti said environmental pollution has increased also due to the leniency in implementing the existing laws on pollution control.
Environment Bill-2075 BS was also shared and presented in the programme. Presenting the bill, NHRC section officer Baram said the bill has many good provisions and was useful in pollution control.
President of the Agriculture, Cooperatives and Natural Resources Committee of House of Representatives, Purna Kumari Subedi, said preparations are being made to finalize the bill by making it more environment-friendly.
Director General of the Department of Transport Management, Kumar Prasad Dahal said the department will bring electric vehicles to replace the old vehicles for reducing air pollution.
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